Amberd Fortress
Amberd Fortress is located 4 miles away from the village Byurakan, on the slopes of Mount Aragats (2300 m high). Built in the 7th century, the name has an interesting explanation- literally meaning “fortress in the clouds” in Armenian. The fortress is a three-storey building, composed of the warehouse on the first floor, and the residence on the second and third floors. The adjacent church was built in the 11th century. During the invasion of Mongols, the fortress was captured and destroyed in the 13th century. It is a “Stone Age” settlement, which was formerly a summer residence for Kings.

Armenian alphabet field
Armenian alphabet was created by Mesrop Mashtots bishop in 405. The Alphabet had 36 letters, later on 3 more were added. Armenians are using the same letters starting from the 5th century. The Armenian Alphabet field was created in 2005, in the year when the 1600th anniversary of the creation of Armenian alphabet was celebrated. This is a bright evidence of the title of Armenia as an “open air museum”. In this field, 39 stone letters stand on the bottom of Araghats Mountain.

Byurakan
Byurakan is a small village in the Province of Aragatsotn, situated on the slopes of Mount Aragats and is well known for its astronomical observatory founded in 1946 by the Soviet scientist Viktor Hambartsumyan. For those who are interested in astronomical science, the observatory of Byurakan organizes excursions and lectures for amateurs.Surrounded by marvellous natural scenery with variety of flower species like snowdrops, violets and red poppies, Byurakan has all the potential to become one of the most beautiful tourist sites of Armenia- a real hub for botanical and hiking tours. This is an idyllic place if you want to combine a climbing tour with mediation in a secluded nature corner.

Echimiadzin Cathedral (UNESCO World Heritage)
Located in Armenian city of Vagharshapat (about 20 km from the capital), it is the main cathedral of the Armenian Apostolic Church. The Cathedral was built in 301-330, and rebuilt several times in 7th, 17th and 18th centuries. The name Echmiadsin is composed of two words- “Ech", meaning “come down”, and “miadzin”, which means "the only child". So the name signifies “Jesus came down”. According to the legend, the Christian priest St. Gregory saw a dream, where Jesus came down dropping the golden hammer, and the church was built. St. Gregory told the King about his dream, and the Armenian king decided to build the church in that very place. Armenian king moved the rock from the Mount Ararat to build the church. Echmiadzin Cathedral is the first church in Armenia and is also considered the world's oldest Apostolic Church, which is likewise called as “Armenian Vatican”. Since its origination, the Cathedral became one of the most important religious centres in Armenia. It is the seat of Armenian Catholic and houses museums, treasures, seminaries and libraries.

Garni Temple
Garni Temple has been listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 2012. It was built in the first century AD, its architectural style is influenced by Hellenistic period. The temple is devoted to the God of Sun. It is located in the triangle on the edge of the cliff, hiding in the inside of the fortress of Garni. The fortress of Garni was originally the summer palace of Armenian King, one of the oldest fortresses in Armenia. The palace and the bathroom with mosaic on the floor were constructed in the 3rd century. In 1679 due to a strong earthquake, the Garni Temple was destroyed; from 1969 to 1975, it was re-built. The old and new stones were used interchangeably.

Geghard Monastery (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Geghard Monastery is settled about 20 km from the village of Garni. It is chiseled by rocks and was built in the 13th century. The Monastery is an outstanding example of Armenian medieval architecture.

In Armenian, Geghard means spear, which comes from the fact that Jesus was stabbed on the cross with the holy spear. The holy spear was kept in Geghard, so the name comes from that. Presently, the spear is in Echmiadzin Museum.

The monastery was originally named Ayrivank: “ayr” is a monk, “vank” is a monastery.

Goshavank Monastery
It was built in the northeastern part of Gosh village in the 12th-14th centuries AD, which carries the name of the scientist Mkhitar Gosh. Mkhitar Gosh wrote Armenian law in the 13th century and a list of stories. Goshavank Monanstery is composed of Astvatsatsin Church (St Maria) (12th century), St. Gregory Church (13th century), Matenadaran (library) and so on.

Haghpat Monastery (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Haghpat Monastery is located in the Province of Lori in Armenia and was built in the 10th-13th centuries AD. The monastery is composed of a former house, Astvatsatsin Church (St. Maria), the Church of St. Gregory, the Church of St. Nshan, the library, the seminary and Hamazasp House. Haghpat Monastery has a 13th century cross-stone Amenaprkich, which is very famous. In 1996 Haghpat Monastery was registered in UNESCO World Heritage Site List.

Haghartsin monastery
It is located near Dilijan town and was built in the 10th century. “Hagh” means to play, while “artsin” comes from the word “artsiv”, meaning an eagle. From here it follows that the name of Haghartsin signifies a place where the eagles play.


Karmravor church
The name “Karmravor” means "reddish" because of the colour of its dome. It is a 7th century church in Ashtarak city of the Province of Aragatsotn. Karmravor is a small, but unique church with its Armenian architecture. It was planned and constructed in the shape of a cross with a single dome, setting a style that would be repeated over the centuries in spite of other influences.

Khor Virap Monastery
Khor Virap is located to the south from Yerevan, near the Turkish border from where you can see a magnificent view to the Mount Ararat. “Khor” means deep, “virap” means hole or dungeon. Hence, the meaning of Khor Virap is a deep hole.
In the 4th century AD, the Christian St. Gregory was persecuted by the King of Armenia, who was held in the deep well for 13 years. After St. Gregory came out from the hole, a monastery was built in that place. St. Gregory was released after the construction of this monastery. Khor Virap monastery was renovated in the 17th century.

Noravank Monastery
Noravank monastery is located in the southern part of Armenia. The Monastery was built in the 13th century, by the very famous architect Momik. His architectural works are beautifully embossed and the characters on the relief seem alive.
Noravank is an exceptional example of monastic architecture in Armenia. It has two churches- Astvatsatsin church (bell tower) and St. Karapet church. The bell tower is very famous with its two-storey building and sculptures on it. The sculptures on St. Karapet church are also very interesting. You can see the face of God, who is holding Adam's head on the left hand. This is a unique scene, because it is a rare case to see God’s face.

Noratus cross stone field
Noratus or Noradus is a cemetery in the same named village. The cross-stones from this cemetery are from the 9th century. The cemetery contains around thousands of Khachkars (depicting unique ornamentation each of them) and occupies an area of 7-hectare field. Several tombstones in the cemetery depict carved scenes of the farmers’ life. According to the tombstones, you will understand what profession that person had. For example, on the farmer’s tomb you can see a carved scene of animals doing agriculture; or an iron maker holding his tools. Adjacent to the old cemetery, a new one was built separated by a long fence.

Saghmosavank monastery
Saghmosavank Monastery was built in the 12th century. Located above the Qasagh canyon, it is one of the most fascinating monasteries in Armenia. “Saghmos” means Gospel, while “vank” is a monastery. The monks wrote the Gospels in the monastery and preserved the ancient books, so the monastery was called Saghmosavank.

Sanahin Monastery (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Sanahin Monastery is located in the northern Lori province of Armenia and was built in the 10th- 13th centuries. Astvatsatsin Church, St. Gregory Church, Amenaprkich Church, Library, Seminary are housed in Sanahin Monastery.
Formerly, Sanahin and Haghpat Monasteries had more than 500 students. They studied religion, mathematics, philosophy, literature, medicine and various arts. Sanahin Monastery is known for its art and calligraphy. In 2000 the Monastery was registered as UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Sevan Lake
Sevan Lake is located in the eastern part of Armenia, at an altitude of about 1,900 meters, occupying an area of about 1360 square kilometres. It is a largest alpine lake, and is also the largest one in Caucasus. There are twenty-eight rivers flowing from the mountains into the lake, and one flowing out of the river. The lake is rich in natural resources and fish species, especially trout, which has a unique taste. On the shores of the lake, you can find the 9th century Sevan monastery- Sevanavank.

Selim caravanserai
Selim caravanserai has been among the main passing routes during the Silk Road period. In the Middle Ages only Armenian merchants had free access to enter China to buy goods and sell them to other countries. From Armenia, they took color material for Asia, and from Asia silk, ceramic and other goods. As Armenia is in the middle of Eurasia, all the caravans passed through Armenia, so Armenia had many caravanserais and bazaars in that period. Selim caravanserai was built in the 14th century and played a very important role during the Silk Road trade time.

Symphony of Stones
The canyon of the River Azat is attractive for the wonderful natural rocks, formed of regular hexagonal cylinders. These rocks start from the beginning up to the highest point of the canyon. The composition is called “Symphony of Stones” or “Basalt Organ”.The Symphony of Stones won «Vettor Giusti» photo competition and was posted on the official website of UNWTO for two consecutive years, until the next session of UNWTO. The poster can also be found on the wall of the UNWTO foyer in Madrid.

Tatev cable car & Tatev Monastery
Armenia has the longest reversible cable car in the world, with a total length of 5754 m. It takes about 12 minutes from the starting point to reach the monastery on the hilltop. The depth of the bottom valley is 330 meters. When using the cable car, you can see the beautiful canyon of Halidzor, the Devil’s Bridge (Satani Kamurj in Armenian) and the monasteries.

On top of the hill stands the jubilant Tatev monastery, built in the 9th century. The monastery complex has a university and library, kitchen, oil making room, rooms for monks and two churches. In the 14th-15th centuries, Tatev University was a very famous and important institution in Armenia.

Armenian History Museum and National Gallery
Armenia has a long ancient history. In Armenian History Museum, you can see items showing ancient people’s lifestyle. There are many jars, vessels, tools, weapons from the Stone and Bronze Ages. The world's oldest shoe (5500 years-old) is exposed in this museum, too. This museum is telling about old civilization. Armenian History Museum showcases samples from the pre-Christian times, Middle Ages, Silk Road period and from the present-day period. The museum is rich in collection of Armenian carpets.
Upstairs of the museum is the National Gallery, which has European, Armenian and Soviet collections. There are many works of the world-famous artists exposed here. In the National Gallery you will find a room of frescos, exposing frescos from different centuries.

Ervand Kochar Museum
Ervand Kochar was a talented Armenian painter and sculptor. He created a new line of art- Painting in Space or “Peinture dans L’espace”- a form of Art that combines three different art directions: graphic, sculpture and painting. This type of art work can be viewed in motion, otherwise called: this is a painting in motion.
Ervand Kochar Museum in Yerevan showcases art works and masterpieces of the eminent Armenian painter. It is also a centre for research of historic Avant-garde direction.

Genocide memorial and Museum
It was established in 1967, on Tsitsernakaberd hills. This is a memorial of genocide, to commemorate Armenian victims killed in 1915 by the Ottoman Turks. Every year on April 24, it is the anniversary of the Armenian genocide. Many Armenians and foreigners visit this place to pay a tribute to the victims.
The museum showcases a list of books, documents, photos dedicated to the genocide.

Matenadaran-Museum of Ancient Manuscripts
Matenadaran was built in 1957. Old Armenian books, documents, manuscripts were kept in the libraries of churches and monasteries. After the construction of Matenadaran, they were transferred to this place. There are about 23 000 books and documents, from which 2000 are foreign books. There are Bibles, books of history, mathematics, culture, medicine, law, art kept in this place. This museum is not only a depository, but also a library and research University. Many foreign scientists come here to do a research.

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